A color mixing optic requires a particular LED layout in order to work properly. A wrong layout combined with the best possible secondary optic will never provide an efficient colour mixing.
In a color mixing optic, the LED layout is partially reproduced in the output light. The light is mixed across circles but it is not mixed across radiuses. In other words, a color mixing optic will project rings of lights. Therefore any visible ring structure on the LED layout will be reproduced in the output light.
To compensate this, the idea is to balance the distance between the dyes and the optical axis. As a consequence:
- Dyes should not be separated into groups, dyes should be mixed
- For each dye of a given colour, there must be dyes of all other colours located at the same distance from the optical axis.
- Dyes must be arranged in patterns (ideally circles) that are symmetric with regards to the optical axis, and each pattern must contain at least one dye of each colour.
What must be avoided is a group of let’s say white LEDs next to the optical axis, and a group of let’s say red LEDs far from the optical axis.